General Readings

The Energy Charter Treaty: Assessing its political, climate and financial impacts.

OpenEx, September 2019.

Full Report

One Treaty to Rule them All: The ever expanding Energy Charter Treaty and the power it gives corporations to halt the energy transition

Corporate Europe Observatory and Transnational Institute, April 2019

Modernisation ECT

Letter to Executive Vice-President Timmermans

Client Earth and IISD, April 2020

Modernisation of the Energy Charter Treaty. A global tragedy at a high cost for taxpayers.

OpenExp, January 2020

Redesigning the Energy Charter Treaty to Advance the Low-Carbon Transition

International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), September 2019

ECT Expansion

Silent Expansion. Will the World´s most dangerous investment treaty take the global south hostage?

Corporate Europe Observatory, Transnational Institute and Seatini, May 2020

Expansion of the Energy Charter to Africa and Asia: Undoing Reform in International Investment Law?

International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), June 2017

Videos and Recordings

The Energy Charter Treaty: To “modernize” or to exit?

January 22, 2020 – This webinar, part of IISD’s series of Webinars on Investment Law and Policy, focused on the history of the Energy Charter Treaty (ECT), the modernization process now underway, and some of the main aspects of reform, including from the perspective of climate action.

How big coal could sue the Netherlands to sabotage climate action

December 9, 2019 – After two decades of citizen mobilisations and to avert climate breakdown, the Dutch government decided to ban the burning of coal for electricity by 2030. But the coal industry is sneakily fighting back.

Debate “The Energy Charter Treaty: a tool or an obstacle to combating climate emergency?”

September 4, 2019 – Luxembourg’s Energy Minister, DG Trade’s Head of Investment Policy, the International Institute on Sustainable Development’s Director of Economic Law & Policy, and Corporate Eurpope Observatory debated whether the Energy Charter Treaty is a tool to combat climate change or an obstacle to the energy transition.

Debate “The Energy Charter Treaty: a tool or an obstacle to combating climate emergency?”

September 4, 2019 – Second half of the debate including questions from the audience.

Dirty Oil vs Beautiful Abruzzo: The fight against ISDS in Italy

June 25, 2019 – After a decade-long inspiring fight, the citizens of the Itlian region of Abruzzo won an important battle against the oil industry: they stopped the Ombrina Mare oil project, which would have had a huge impact on the environment.

The Energy Charter Treaty and the power it gives corporations to halt the energy transition

June 12, 2018 – The fossil fuel industry has a secret powerful weapon to keep cooking the planet: The Energy Charter Treaty (ECT). It is on the brink of a massive geographical expansion into Africa, Asia and Latin America, threatening to bind yet more countries to corporate-friendly energy policies.

This website was produced by

Corporate Europe Observatory

Corporate Europe Observatory (CEO), a research and campaign group working to expose and challenge the disproportionate influence that corporations and their lobbyists exert over EU policy-making.

Transnational Institute (TNI)

The Transnational Institute (TNI), an international research and advocacy institute committed to building a just, democratic and sustainable planet.